England is 74 times smaller than the USA, 59 times smaller than Australia and 3 times smaller than Japan. England is the size of Alabama. It is the largest country in Great Britain.

Motto: Dieu et mon droit (God and my right)

Map of England



  • Population: 49,561,800 (in 2002)
  • Capital city: London
  • Major cities: Birmingham, Leeds, Liverpool, Manchester, Sheffield
  • Official animal: Lion
  • National day: 23 April (St. George’s Day, he is England’s patron saint)
  • England’s flag (Cross of St. George)


National flower: The rose. This flower has been adopted as England’s emblem since the time of the War of the Roses (1455 – 1485). The royal house of Lancaster had a red rose as an emblem, whereas the royal house of York had a white rose as an emblem.

White rose

Red rose


England is famous for many things: Big Ben, red buses and black cabs, the Beatles, fish and chips tea and David Beckham. It is also famous for its culture: William Shakespeare, Oxford and Cambridge universities are popular cultural landmarks.

England is famous for its strawberries, its breakfasts, its creams and butters and for its delicious cheeses: Stilton, Cheshire, double Gloucester, red Leicester and cheddar.

England is famous for an ancient circle called Stonehenge. It is the oldest prehistoric monument in England. People began building Stonehenge about 5,000 years ago, dragging each stone into place. Stonehenge is situated on Salisbury Plain in the county of Wiltshire.

England is famous for London. Here are some London landmarks:

  • Buckingham Palace, which is the London home of the British Royal family. The 600 room palace is surrounded by a 40 acre garden;
  • The Palace of Westminster, also known as the Houses of Parliament (the House of Lords and the House of Commons). It lies on the north bank of the River Thames;
  • Tower of London, the royal fortress built by William the Conqueror, following his successful invasion in 1066. The Jewel House, which houses the Crown Jewels, lies within the confines of the Tower of London;
  • London eye, the world’s biggest observation wheel; it will carry 800 passengers at a time on a thirty-minute ride;
  • St. Paul’s Cathedral, the second biggest dome in the world, after St. Peter’s in Rome. It was built in 604 AD but burnt down in 675. The rebuilt cathedral was again burnt down in the Great Fire of London in 1666.

I didn’t know that!

  • AskThe traditional English breakfast consists of eggs, bacon, sausages, fried bread, baked beans and mushrooms. It is called “The Full English”. Even though not many people will eat this for breakfast today, it is always served in hotels and guest houses around Britain. The traditional English breakfast

Traditional English breakfast


  • AskEngland’s national sport is cricket, but football is the most popular. The first set of laws of the game of football date from the formation of Football Association in England in 1863.


  • AskYou may be called by many different “affectionate” names in England, according to which part of the country you are visiting. Do not be offended, it is quite normal. For example, you may be called “dear, dearie, flower, love, chick, chuck, me duck, me duckie, mate, guv, son, ma’am or madam, sir”, according to your sex, age or location.
  • AskA general superstition in England: lucky to meet a black cat. Black cats are featured on many luck greeting cards or birthday cards in England. The English knock on wood to make something come true, they say it is lucky to touch wood.

Black cat


  • AskSlang terms sometimes used for the English include “Sassenachs” (from the Scots Gaelic), “Limeys” (in reference to the citrus fruits carried aboard English vessels to prevent scurvy) and “Pom /Pommy”(used in Australian English and in New Zealand English).



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